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Xue, Honghu; Herzog, Rebecca; Berger, Till M.; Bäumer, Tobias; Weissbach, Anne; Rueckert, Elmar
In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI , vol. 8, 2021, ISSN: 2296-9144.
In medical tasks such as human motion analysis, computer-aided auxiliary systems have become preferred choice for human experts for its high efficiency. However, conventional approaches are typically based on user-defined features such as movement onset times, peak velocities, motion vectors or frequency domain analyses. Such approaches entail careful data post-processing or specific domain knowledge to achieve a meaningful feature extraction. Besides, they are prone to noise and the manual-defined features could hardly be re-used for other analyses. In this paper, we proposed probabilistic movement primitives(ProMPs), a widely-used approach in robot skill learning, to model human motions. The benefit of ProMPs is that the features are directly learned from the data and ProMPs can capture important features describing the trajectory shape, which can easily be extended to other tasks. Distinct from previous research, where classification tasks are mostly investigated, we applied ProMPs together with a variant of Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence to quantify the effect of different transcranial current stimulation methods on human motions. We presented an initial result with10participants. The results validate ProMPs as a robust and effective feature extractor for human motions.
Rozo*, Leonel; Dave*, Vedant
Conference on Robot Learning, vol. 164, 2022.
Learning complex robot motions necessarily demands to have models that are able to encode and retrieve full-pose trajectories when tasks are defined in operational spaces. Probabilistic movement primitives (ProMPs) stand out as a principled approach that models trajectory distributions learned from demonstrations. ProMPs allow for trajectory modulation and blending to achieve better generalization to novel situations. However, when ProMPs are employed in operational space, their original formulation does not directly apply to full-pose movements including rotational trajectories described by quaternions. This paper proposes a Riemannian formulation of ProMPs that enables encoding and retrieving of quaternion trajectories. Our method builds on Riemannian manifold theory,
and exploits multilinear geodesic regression for estimating the ProMPs parameters. This novel approach makes ProMPs a suitable model for learning complex full-pose robot motion patterns. Riemannian ProMPs are tested on toy examples to illustrate their workflow, and on real learning-from-demonstration experiments.